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Species Bananas Discussions of all the different wild species of banana (non edible), an aspect of the hobby that deserves its own section.


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Old 06-07-2008, 03:09 PM   #1 (permalink)
 
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Default Musa Campestris

I acquired some seeds of these some time ago and started planting them last year. Has anyone else worked on growing these in the US? Gabe, I seem to remember you ordering some of these seeds back when Tim and I were ordering them?
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Old 06-07-2008, 03:40 PM   #2 (permalink)
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Default Re: Musa Campestris

Ya, I had some of var. limbangensis and var. lawasensis (I think) from Bob Cannon, but none ever germinated. I also got 20 TC plants from Malesiana Nursery of var. sarawakensis (along with 20 M. borneensis) but they all died. There is a single plant of an unknown variety that was collected in the wild growing in Hawaii, I know the owner, however it is a very weak plant for some reason and has not produced any suckers. If that one ever starts growing well I might be able to acquire it.
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Old 07-12-2008, 03:49 PM   #3 (permalink)
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Default Re: Musa Campestris

Have any of these germinated for you?
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Old 03-17-2011, 06:37 AM   #4 (permalink)
 
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Wink Re: Musa Campestris



Hi Scot,
you need to buy this year batch of seeds of musa campestris now as springtime soon in your country.

Dean W. (Bananas. org member) and I are only two members of Bananas. org, to managed to grow musa campestris from seeds.

I were lucky to have five alive young plants of musa campestris out of 100 seeds, while Dean W lost all seedlings of musa campestris, due to he had either overwatered them or lack of shade or sand not mixed with seed-raise mix.
So I helped Dean W sloving his 3 problems of raising musa campestris.

1) You need to mix 50% sand and 50% seed-raising mix together before pour into tray.

2) Put the shade onto roof of your hothouse on May or on sunny days.
Overheated from sun inside hothouse kills seedlings.

3) Too much water during wintertime kills seedlings & young plants.
Feel the soil / mix with tip of your finger, to check for dry / wet.
water the plants sharely during wintertime.

Seeds of musa campestris take 20-30 days to germinate.

Cheers

Clinton.
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Old 03-17-2011, 10:47 AM   #5 (permalink)
 
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Default Re: Musa Campestris

Thanks for the pointers!
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Old 03-18-2011, 04:14 AM   #6 (permalink)
 
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Default Re: Musa Campestris



Hi,
Musa campestris seeds are normally germinating easily. The germination depends on how fresh the seeds are. Dormant seeds takes longer to germinate. For example I have showed 100 seeds in vermiculite. The first flush germinated some 30 seeds within three weeks. In the second flush some 20 seeds after few months, etc.
Markku.
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Old 03-18-2011, 06:33 AM   #7 (permalink)
 
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Smile Re: Musa Campestris



Hi Markku,
Wow ! Interesting.

Which subspecies of musa campestris in your box full of seedlings ???

I had five 1-year-old musa campestris var limbangensis, from last year's 100 seeds, in my unheated hothouse ( I replied on heat from sun & bubblewrap).
These seeds took 20 to 60 days to germinate, with most took between 20 and 30 days.
This year I have seeds of musa campestris var miriensis, sarawakensis, campestris and musa hirta, but this morning they only just start to germinate, and due to seeds been in rarepalmseeds.com for nearly 2 past years, they may take next more 6 weeks or longer.
I worried about them not make through winter in my country, as last winter killed 95 seedlings, left me with 5 plants.
My 1-year-old musa campestris is now 40-50 c.m. in height, with big leaves.
My gardens is in zone 10, with 10 frosts a year.

For you, your seedlings of musa campestris will reach 50 c.m. in height in 6 months time. Musa campestris are slow growers.

I have 2 photos of musa campestris now in Banana.org members"s gallaries, you are welcome to look at my photoes.

Cheers

Clinton Care.

Quote:
Originally Posted by Markku Hakkinen View Post


Hi,
Musa campestris seeds are normally germinating easily. The germination depends on how fresh the seeds are. Dormant seeds takes longer to germinate. For example I have showed 100 seeds in vermiculite. The first flush germinated some 30 seeds within three weeks. In the second flush some 20 seeds after few months, etc.
Markku.
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Old 03-18-2011, 11:58 AM   #8 (permalink)
 
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Default Re: Musa Campestris


Hi Clinton,
I have grown and flowered many M.campestris varieties in my home. I have described all of them botanically too based on my extensive field studies in Borneo.
Markku.
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Old 03-19-2011, 12:12 AM   #9 (permalink)
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Default Re: Musa Campestris

Wow, Markku, that is a really beautiful bloom!
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Old 03-19-2011, 03:20 PM   #10 (permalink)
 
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Smile Re: Musa Campestris

Hi Markku,
Beside musa campestris, I am wondering...Had you been growing musa lawitiensis in your home ???

Cheers

Clinton.




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Originally Posted by Markku Hakkinen View Post

Hi Clinton,
I have grown and flowered many M.campestris varieties in my home. I have described all of them botanically too based on my extensive field studies in Borneo.
Markku.
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Old 03-20-2011, 04:19 AM   #11 (permalink)
 
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Default Re: Musa Campestris

Hi Clinton,
I have tried several times without success as those very tiny seeds are very difficult to germinate.
Markku.
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Old 03-20-2011, 06:15 AM   #12 (permalink)
 
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Smile Re: Musa lawitiensis the most difficult plants to germinate.

Hi Markku,
OK, Don't give up. give them a try.

Seeds may not germinate for reasons:

1) Sand not been mixed with seed-raising mix, so seeds been wet all time in poorly drained pure seed-raising mix = too much water kills seeds.
To slove this problem: Mix 60% sand and 40% seed-raising mix together before pour the mix into tray.
After covered the seeds, with mix, Topping with 2 m.m. layer of sand for faster heat from sun as sand get hot from heat of sun.

2) Seeds need endless patience, with seeds can take up to 2 years to germinate. My seeds of some musa ornata took a year to germinate in normal compost in my potted super dwarf cavendish banana plant.
I learnt to be patient with seeds.

3) Burying the seeds too deep, than 1 c.m. deep and seeds cannot see the sunlight & refused to germinate.
To slove this problem: Bury the seeds at both 5 m.m. and 10 m.m.

4) Seeds may need 6-9 months of hot temperature to germinate.

5) Seeds may not be fresh & were dead.
To test for freshness: Drop the seeds into bowl of cold water & watch the seeds.
Fresh seeds sink to bottom of bowl.
Dead seeds float on water in a bowl.

6) Maybe seeds became stale in 1-2 months time.

7) Maybe suddenly low temperature, etc power blackout.

Some months ago I asked Tody who ran rarepalmseeds.com, to order seeds of musa lawitiensis, but seem the seeds are out of reach of gardeners.
I cannot order seeds of m. lawitiensis yet.

With so many seeds in a bunch of musa lawitiensis, you might get few seeds to germinate.

I suggest you order more fresh seeds of musa lawitiensis this month and give them a try, they might germinate in between June and September.
Earlier the better, but check to ensure you have heatings to get seeds a head start.

I had been buying 3 batches of seeds of musa violascens over 2 past years and now I have 12 1-year-old plants in both in my hothouse and outdoor gardens, with few-months-old 4 seedlings. I think musa violascens are hardy to zone 10.
Had you been growing musa violascens at your home ???


Springtime soon in Finland...the wood pigeons, greylag geese, mallard ducks and birds are in their last staging grounds and will come over your place in 2 weeks time in Finland.

Good luck with future new batch of seeds of musa lawitiensis.

Cheers

Clinton.












QUOTE=Markku Hakkinen;157114]Hi Clinton,
I have tried several times without success as those very tiny seeds are very difficult to germinate.
Markku.[/quote]
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Old 03-20-2011, 06:27 AM   #13 (permalink)
 
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Default Re: Musa Campestris

Hi Clinton,
I have tested germination of thousands different Musa seeds by using different methods.
However, some seeds have inhibitors which prevents the germination and which are unknown to science still today. Embryo rescue is very difficult to those very tiny seeds.
There is not Musa lawitiensis seeds available. The only way to have them is to go Borneo inland and collect them.
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Old 03-20-2011, 07:59 AM   #14 (permalink)
 
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Smile Musa lawitiensis risk face extinction.

Hi Markku,
OK, I been thought maybe the flowers of musa lawitiensis had not been pollinated, left the seeds with no embryoes, due to bees or insects disappeared through loss of rainforests.

Only way is to import the plants in inert / synthetic material, from Borneo.

I may try my luck in find the plants in Borneo in few years time (maybe).

But with Borneo rainforests being replaced by oil palm plantations, it will be very difficult for me to find and import the plants.

If we cannot get these plants, musa lawitiensis will face extinction when rainforest being replaced by oil palm plantations.

musa beccarii, musa campestris had escaped the extinctions as they are in our homes and grown as garden plants worldwide, etc USA & Germany, Europe.

Cheers

Clinton.





Quote:
Originally Posted by Markku Hakkinen View Post
Hi Clinton,
I have tested germination of thousands different Musa seeds by using different methods.
However, some seeds have inhibitors which prevents the germination and which are unknown to science still today. Embryo rescue is very difficult to those very tiny seeds.
There is not Musa lawitiensis seeds available. The only way to have them is to go Borneo inland and collect them.
markku.
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Old 03-20-2011, 09:59 AM   #15 (permalink)
 
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Default Re: Musa Campestris

It seems quite clear that you have no idea about rainforests of Borneo.
Musa lawitiensis occurs only in Central Borneo very remoted area where the primary rain forests still exists. These are protected areas so there is no thread of logging. There is no seed collectors so the only way is to go there by oneself to collect the seeds from their natural habitats.
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Old 03-20-2011, 04:17 PM   #16 (permalink)
 
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Smile Re: Musa lawitiensis the most difficult plants to germinate.

Hi Markku,
OK, Can you please send me the map of central Borneo via my email address, about where you been collecting the seeds some years ago.
It make easy for me to find wild musa lawitiensis.

Is Borneo full of bad mosquitoes & leeches ???

Which months you had found seeds of musa lawitiensis ???

Also I need to know more about how to get musa lawitiensis plants out of Borneo.

Cheers

Clinton.


Quote:
Originally Posted by Markku Hakkinen View Post
It seems quite clear that you have no idea about rainforests of Borneo.
Musa lawitiensis occurs only in Central Borneo very remoted area where the primary rain forests still exists. These are protected areas so there is no thread of logging. There is no seed collectors so the only way is to go there by oneself to collect the seeds from their natural habitats.
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Old 03-21-2011, 06:45 AM   #17 (permalink)
 
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Default Re: Musa Campestris

Hi Clinton,
It is very difficult to move remote areas in Borneo without logistic help from the local authorities. For that one need research permit as without research permit it is illegal to collect anything and punishments are rather high.
Markku.
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Old 03-21-2011, 06:57 AM   #18 (permalink)
 
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Smile Re: Musa lawitiensis the most difficult plants to germinate.

Hi Markku,
Thankyou for reply to my email,

Can I have email address of Borneo local authorities please ?

How much $$ the research permit ???

Seems Borneo had no disease-carrying bad mosquitoes and leeches.

Cheers

Clinton.

Quote:
Originally Posted by Markku Hakkinen View Post
Hi Clinton,
It is very difficult to move remote areas in Borneo without logistic help from the local authorities. For that one need research permit as without research permit it is illegal to collect anything and punishments are rather high.
Markku.
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Old 03-21-2011, 02:17 PM   #19 (permalink)
 
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Default Re: Musa Campestris

RESEARCH PROCEDURES FOR FOREIGN UNIVERSTY, RESEARCH INSTITUTE, ENTERPRISE AND FOREIGN NATIONAL IN INDONESIA
A. Preface
According to Government Decree No. : 41/2006, every foreign university, research institute, enterprise, and individual are welcome to conduct research in Indonesia. They are encourage to participate in R & D activities in order to develop S & T cooperation and finally to increase Science and Technology transfers in Indonesia. Foreign researchers who will conduct research in Indonesia have to involve scientist as local counterpart from local university, research institute or Non government Organization (NGO) who has competency in the research topic.

A1 : FR (Foreign Researcher) send or submit research application documents to Indonesian Representatives (Embassy or Consulate general) in respective home country.
B1 : Indonesian Representative receives research application documents, and then issues recommendation, and forwards to RISTEK in Jakarta.
A1 : FR send or submit directly research application documents to RISTEK with CC to Indonesian Representatives (Embassy or Consulate General) in respective home count
C1 : RISTEK receives research application documents from FR or from Indonesian Representatives (Embassy or Consulate General) with recommendation letter. Secretariat of Foreign Research Permit (FRP) RISTEK prepares Matrix of research application data and forwards to Coordinating Team’s monthly meeting.
D : Secretariat FRP RISTEK invites Coordinating Team to conduct monthly meeting for evaluating research application and issues approval or disapproval on the applications. Secretariat FRP RISTEK will send formal letter of notification to FR or his/her counterpart.
C2 : If Coordinating Team disapproves the research applications, Secretariat FRP RISTEK will send formal letter of notification to FR or his/her counterpart.
A2 : FR receives the letter of notification .
C3 : Once research application has been approved by Coordinating Team, Secretariat of FRP RISTEK will prepare visa 315 applications and submit them to Immigration Headquarters in Jakarta.
E : Immigration Headquarters receives and processes the visa 315 application and then issues and sends visa 315 authorization to Indonesian Representatives where the visa 315 will be collected by FR.
C4 : RISTEK collects the visa authorization papers and prepares letter of request addressed to Indonesian Representative in order to issue visa 315 for FR.
B2 : Indonesian Representative receives visa 315 authorization and issues visa 315 for FR.
A3 : FR brings his/her passport to Indonesian Representative to collect the visa 315. Having collected the visa 315, FR leaves his/her home country for Jakarta.
C5 : FR comes to report at RISTEK office to receive Research Permit and Research Permit Card and other cover letters to report at other related government agencies ( Police HQ, Home Affairs Dept. and Immigration Office).
F : FR brings cover letter from RISTEK and comes to Police HQ to report and get Travelling Permit (SKJ).
G : After getting Traveling Permit (Surat Keterangan Jalan) FR come to at Home Affairs Department (Depdagri) to obtain SPP
H : FR comes to Immigration Office to report and apply Limited Stay Permit Card (KITAS)
I : FR who will enter conservation area (Nature Reserve; National Park or Nature Reserve and Wild Life Reserve) should apply a Entrance Permit to Conservation Area (SIMAKSI) at Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation, Forestry Department (Ditjen PHKA, Departemen Kehutanan)
J : When FR arrives in research location, FR should come and report to Provincial Government Office (Badan Kesbang Linmas Provinsi)
K : After getting KITAS, FR comes and reports to Provincial Police Headquarters to apply Certificate of Police Registration Card (SKLD)
A4 : FR can begin his/her fieldwork of research project
B. Research Permit Procedure
For every non-Indonesian citizen researcher that plans to conduct research within Indonesia territory, prior to the passage, he or she should apply individually for receiving a research permit from the State Minister for Research and Technology. Without such consent, any research activity(ies) by a foreigner is illegal. The completed application by form of a hard copy must be addressed to:
The Secretariat of Foreign Research Permit
The State Ministry of Research and Technology - Republic of Indonesia
2nd of BPPT building, 8th floor
Jl. M.H Thamrin No.8 Jakarta 10340
Tel : (+6221) 316-9293 Fax : (+6221) 21 3983-6180
Email : frp@ristek.go.id
Homepage : .:: Kementerian Negara Riset dan Teknologi
C. Documents Required for Application
The following enlists required documents that must be prepared during the submission for research permit application:
1. A formal letter of request addressed to The State Ministry of Research and Technology, f.d.t Secretary to the State Minister for Research and Technology. A copy of this letter including CV and research proposal, which is designated to the Indonesian Representative abroad where the researcher will obtain the visa, must also be enclosed.
2. 6 (six) copies of research proposal which contains at least: title, objectives, methodology and concept, location, and duration of the research in Indonesia.
3. 6 (six) copies of abstract on the research proposal.
4. 4 (four) copies of the researcher’s passport which must be valid until at least six months after the completion of the proposed research in Indonesia.
5. 6 (six) copies of the curriculum vitae (CV) of the researcher(s) including a list of publication.
6. 4 (four) recent close-up photographs (4x6 cm) with red background.
7. Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) and Material Transfer Agreement (MTA) between the researcher and his/her Indonesian counterpart if the researcher plans to take specimen or samples to analyse either in his/her home country or in Indonesia.
8. 2 (two) letters of recommendation from: [a] professor or senior researcher/supervisor and [b] official letter of recognition issued by the institution or university where the researcher(s) employed.
9. A recommendation letter(s) from a related Indonesian Representative(Indonesian Embassy or Consulate General) abroad.
10. A letter(s) of support from Indonesian counterpart(s) stating that the institution will act as research counterpart
11. Health certificate from legal-practicing medical-doctor stating that the researcher is physically and mentally capable to conduct the research.
12. A letter guaranteeing sufficient fund to cover research and living expenses during conducting research in Indonesia.
13. A list of research equipments that will be brought to Indonesia, along brief technical specification which mention the estimated value for each equipment on use.
14. If researcher plans to bring his/her spouse and children, he/she must also submit a copy of marriage certificate or other citizen partnership certificate, child (children) birth certificate(s), copies of his/her family passports, and 4 (four) recent close-up photographs of each family member.
15. In particular, for point 2-7 the documents should be submitted by soft copy and hard copy.
D. The Coordination Team of Foreign Research Permit
The State Ministry of Research and Technology, on conducting foreign research permit publishing, by legal, set the operations by the availing governance assistance from The Coordination Team of Foreign Research Permit.
The members of The Coordination Team of Foreign Research Permit body are consisted by Government Institutional officials from varied institutions; such as The Secretariat of the State, Department of Home Affairs, Department of Foreign Affairs, Department of Law and Human Rights, Department of Defence, Department of Energy and Mineral Resources, Department of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, Department of Agriculture, Department of Forestry, Department of Industry, Department of National Education, The State Ministry of Environment, National Intelligent Bureau, Strategic Intelligent Bureau of National Army Forces, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, National Coordinating Agency for Surveys and Mapping, Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency, Natural Atomic Energy Agency, National Institute of Aeronautics and Space, Assessment and Applied Technology Agency.
The Coordination Team of Foreign Research Permit duty is mainly giving approval or refusal recommendation to The State Ministry of Foreign Research and Technology or each research application, through a periodical decisive committee meeting. The committee meeting usually held by the mid of the month, to discussing foreign research application that has been submitted to the secretariat before day-10 of the month.
The Coordination Team of Foreign Research Permit may however, engage a meeting to discuss foreign research application under perceived urgent and crucial condition. If the application of foreign research is approved, it will be submitted to the Immigration Office in order to proceed visa authorisation. Then, this visa will be sent to the Indonesian Embassy/Consulate General as requested by the researcher. However, under certain condition, foreign researcher(s) or the researcher's counterpart must fulfil the requirement(s) as recommended. Visa authorisation will then be proceeded after the applicant(s) submits all the required documents. Upon final refusal decision, the foreign researcher(s) and the counterpart will receive a formal letter informing that the application is being disapproved.
E. The Secretariat of Foreign Research Permit
In order to process the foreign research permit, The Coordination Team of Foreign Research Permit assisted by The Secretariat of Foreign Research Permit. Their prime duties are:
1. Receiving and processing research application.
2. Preparing letters needed to issue new or extended research permit.
3. Organising or facilitating an entry visa and an exit permit for foreign researcher as well as his/her family, also preparing free fiscal letter only for foreign researcher.
4. A carefully documenting research permit.
5. Forwarding three monthly research report/progress report/final report to researcher's counterpart and to The Coordination Team of Foreign Research Permit. Their report will be evaluated by institution(s) which is correlated to the particular topic.
6. Designing directory and database for foreign researcher.
7. Giving technical as well administrative support.
8. Doing other administrative duties regarding foreign research permit.
F. Arrival at Jakarta
1. After foreign researcher receiving visa, the foreign researcher(s) must report to The Secretariat of Foreign Research Permit at BPPT 2nd building, 8th floor, Jl. M.H. Thamrin No.8 Jakarta 10340.
2. Foreign researcher has to fill a questioner presented by the secretariat. The applicant(s) must then attach a red-background recent photograph within the questioner sheet.
3. By the following day, 1x24 hours of working day, the applicant(s) will receive some letters from Secretariat as mentioned below:
a. Letter of Research Permit and Research Permit Card
b. Letter of Travel Permit application which addressed to Kepala BAINTELKAM POLRI, up. Kabid YANMIN, MABES POLRI, Jl. Trunojoyo No.3, Kebayoran Baru Jakarta
c. Letter of Research Notification application addressed to Direktorat Fasilitas Organisasi Politik dan Kemasyarakatan, Ditjen Kesatuan Bangsa dan Politik Department of Home Affairs, Jl. Medan Merdeka Utara No.7 Jakarta
d. Copy of Certificate of Police Registration (Surat Lapor Diri) forwarded to foreign researcher's counterpart
e. Letter of request for KITAS (Kartu Izin Tinggal Terbatas, Time-Limited of Staying Permit Card) addressed to the local Immigration Office where research will be done. Foreign researcher has to report to the Immigration Office not later than 7 days from arrival date. Belated report will be fined each day.
f. Letter of recommendation requesting for receiving grace time to make a self-report and area denizen registration among the immigration offices/representatives. The complete data required for issuing KITAS which forwarding to Doklan director, Visa and Vaskim, Ditjen Immigration
g. Letter of request for SLKD addressed to specific research area particularly for foreign researcher who has KITAS and research permit for at least six months should be forwarded to Kepala Direktorat IPP, MAPOLDA.
h. Foreign researcher may start his/her research in Indonesia after submitting all requirements and receive documents from Secretariat as described at number 3
G. Document Needed by Related Institutions
Besides to the Research Permit Letter and Research Permit Card, submitted by the State Ministry of Research and Technology, a foreign researcher must make an individual-report to the following offices:
1. Letter of Travel Permit addressed to MABES POLRI, requires:
a. Copy of passport
b. Copy of visa
c. Copy of Departure Card
d. Two pieces of 4x6 photograph in red background
2. Letter of Research Permit Authorization addressed to Department of Home Affairs, requires:
a. Copy of Travel Permit Letter from MABES POLRI
b. Copy of Research Permit Letter from THE STATE MINISTRY OF RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY
c. Copy of passport
d. Copy of visa
e. Two copies of 4x6 photograph (red background)
3. Letter of KITAS addressed to Immigration Office, requires:
a. Copy of passport
b. Copy of visa
c. Copy of Departure Card
d. Two pieces of 4x6 photograph in red background
4. Letter of Police Registration (Surat Lapor Diri) addressed to local police office, requires:
a. Copy of KITAS
b. Copy of Travel Permit Letter from MABES POLRI
c. Copy of Departure Card
d. Two pieces of 4x6 photograph in red background
5. Letter of Entry Permit to Conservation Area, requires:
a. Copy of research proposal
b. Copy of CV
c. Copy of Travel Permit Letter from MABES POLRI
d. Copy of Research Permit Letter from THE STATE MINISTRY OF RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY
e. Copy of Research Permit Authorization Letter from Department of Home Affairs
f. Copy of passport
g. Revenue stamp values 6000
H. Foreign Research Permit and Type of Visa
The validity period for a research permit is maximum one. Extensional period is possible only for two terms; each is 6 months on time-length. Types of visa which might be used for research are VITAS number 315, while VITAS number 317 for foreign researcher’s family member(s). After a foreign researcher receives VITAS either number 315 or 317, he or she must report to the Immigration Office in Jakarta or other city where the research will be conducted by at least 7 days after the arrival date. Belated reporting will receive Rp 200,000.00 each-day penalty fine by Immigration Office. Foreign researcher who held VITAS number 315 valid for 6-12 months and received KITAS, might request for Exit Re-entry Permit (ERP) and Multiple Exit Re-entry Permit (MERP) if leaving from Indonesia temporarily then return to Indonesia continuing research.
I. Stop Temporarily and then Re-continuing Research
Foreign Researcher who held KITAS and VITAS number 315 and valid for 6 -12 months may apply Exit Re-entry Permit (ERP) and Multiple Exit Re-entry Permit (MERP). Foreign researcher must follow these requirements below:
1. If the researcher plans to make temporary recess and leave Indonesia prior to his/her continuing the work, then he/she must resubmit a written request to the Secretary to the State Minister for Research and Technology, Rep. of Indonesia, that encloses a consenting letter from the local counterpart. This request must also include six copies of quarterly progress report.
2. Based to the foreign researcher's request letter, The State Ministry for Research and Technology will issue Exit Re-entry Permit (ERP) or Multiple Exit Re-entry Permit (MERP) as requested which should be addressed to the Head of Immigration Office where KITAS has been issued.
3. Exit Permit Only (EPO) would be needed for foreign researcher who finished his/her research. Letter of request for such exit permit must be addressed to Secretary to The State Ministry for Research and Technology. The letter must also encloses recommendation letter by the local counterpart, and 6 (six) copies of the tentative final report.
4. Referring to foreign researcher's request letter, The State Ministry for Research and Technology will issue Exit Permit Only (EPO) as requested which will be addressed to the Head of Immigration Office where KITAS has been issued. Instead of Exit Permit Only (EPO), The State Ministry for Research and Technology will request for free-fiscal rate which addressed to Head of Taxation Service Office at the international airport from where researcher(s) will depart.
5. Foreign researcher who doing research less than six months might exit directly without reporting to the Immigration Office, but she/he has to submit tentative final report.
J. Research Permit Extension
A foreign researcher who holds Letter of Foreign Research Permit from the State Ministry of Research and Technology might apply for research extension which is the application should be addressed to Secretary to The State Ministry for Research and Technology not later than 30 days before the expired research permit date. To extend research permit requires the attachments below:
• Letter of request research permit extension and development explaining the reason of extending research.
• Recommendation letter from counterpart to extend research permit.
• Six copies of tentative final report
Those documents have to be received at least one month before the foreign research permit expired. Research permit extension might be given twice, maximum for 12 months.
K. The Rights and Obligations for the Local Counterpart :
1. The individual/organization party that justifiable to become working counterpart of the foreign researcher could be either from government or private higher education institution, research and development either government or private, and non-governmental organisation which are competent and suitable with a research topic.
2. The counterpart should help the foreign researcher, giving a technical direction, support and effort during his/her research in Indonesia.
3. The counterpart must take active responsibility and giving guidance to foreign researcher during his/her research.
4. The counterpart must report to the State Ministry of Research and Technology if his/her foreign researcher partner exits from Indonesia.
5. The counterpart might ask one or more Indonesian researcher to help her/his fieldwork.
6. The counterpart must involve/becoming the starter party in preparing Material Transfer Agreement (MTA) and data sharing referring to International and National legal aspects.
7. The counterpart could make an agreement with foreign researcher in term of co-authorship of patent, Intellectual Property Rights, and any publications such as books, journals, scientific magazines.
8. The copy of all material transfer agreement between counterpart and foreign researcher has to be forwarded to Secretariat of Foreign Research Permit, the State Ministry of Research and Technology, RI.
L. Foreign Research Obligation
1. The foreign researcher has to make full report to the State Ministry of Research and Technology after the research application has been approved in order to receive preliminary letters which addressed to the stakeholders and Research Permit Card.
2. The foreign researcher must make pre-project consultations with his/her counterpart before starting research.
3. The foreign researcher must completely comply to his/her approved working plan with the local counterpart.
4. The foreign researcher is not allowed to take another side job during conducting research in Indonesia.
5. The foreign researcher must perform good/agreeable manner, tolerant, and obey all custom rules in every area in Indonesia.
6. The foreign researcher has to submit a progress report in every three month and final report once he/she finishes the research project in Indonesia.
7. The foreign researcher is prohibited bringing any specimen/samples without the stakeholder permission.
8. The foreign researcher should made an agreement between the State Ministry of Research and Technology and counterpart refer to the existing Indonesia’s positive law if there is any patent, intellectual property rights, brand, and registered mark as research result.
9. The foreign researcher has to submit three copies of research result include thesis/dissertation, paper, report, or another publication to State Ministry of Research and Technology.
10. Any publications to be issued in Indonesia must receive permission The State Ministry of Research and Technology prior to publicising registration itself.
11. The foreign researcher should gives one copy of photo, slide/microfilm, video cassette, and cast as research result to State Ministry of Research and Technology
M. Writing Report Standards
1. • Progress Report
In term of writing progress report, there are some points must followed:
1. Research objectives
2. Description of study field
3. Research material or object to be investigated
4. Research approach or methods
5. Provisional results
6. Problems encountered
7. Planned activities in the next three months
2. Final Report
In term of writing final report, there are some points must followed:
a. Introduction, include:
1. Background information
2. Scientific justification on the selection of subjects and sites to be investigated
3. Review on and comparison with other studies that have been done previously on the same subject and or in the same region or else where with similar conditions.
4. Hypotheses to be tested (if any).
b. Objectives, include:
1. Objectives and scope of research have to be described clearly.
2. Local research description in detail which cover many physically aspects (geography, topography, climatology) as well as Biology, social-economic, cultural, and other aspects which relevant to scope of research.
3. Detail reason of chosen method that being used.
c. Result and Discussion, include:
1. Description in detail of research result which has been acquired.
2. Discussion of research result covered its valuation, interpretation and significance, as well as suggestion for subsequent research.
3. The benefit for Indonesian development program.
d. Conclusion, include:
1. Crucial points which may taken from research result.
2. Problem solving of research, encouraging or discouraging of hypotheses stated in the research objectives.
N. Material Transfer Agreement (MTA)
Foreign Researcher who will bring or take research sample/specimen out of Indonesian region must have written permit from related governmental stakeholder and must signing Material Transfer Agreement (MTA) with related governmental stakeholder.
O. Research Vessel
Foreign researcher who will conduct research in Indonesian waters and use research vessel must request for permission to the Secretary to the State Minister for Research and Technology. In addition, he/she must request for security clearance as well as security officer to Ditwilhan, Dirjen Strategi Pertahanan, Department of Defense, Jl. Dr. Wahidin I No.1/11 Jakarta.
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Default Re: Musa Campestris

It is more or less the same procedure to Sarawak and Sabah with research permits. On average one can count some US 250 per day for mission expenses. To remote areas for only one destination should calculate at least ten days. For example I have been over there altogether some six months on the field with three different expeditions.
Central Borneo is heavily infested by malaria, dengue fever and several other tropical diseases. Also there are number of huge tiger leeches.
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